Varroa außer Kontrolle - was Pestizide damit zu tun haben

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Re: Varroa außer Kontrolle - was Pestizide damit zu tun haben

Beitragvon zaunreiter » Di 24. Mär 2020, 17:08

Ein Überblick über die Exposition und Auswirkungen subletaler Neonicotinoid-Insektizide auf Bestäuber

Abstrakt
Zweck der Überprüfung
Imker auf der ganzen Welt berichten von der anhaltenden Abschwächung der Gesundheit von Honigbienen und anschließend von den zunehmenden Völkerverlusten seit 1990. Erst mit dem plötzlichen Auftreten der Colony Collapse Disorder (CCD) in den 2000er Jahren wurde die Sorge geweckt, diese wichtige zu verlieren mehrjähriger Bestäuber. In diesem Bericht geben wir eine Zusammenfassung der subletalen Auswirkungen von Pestiziden, insbesondere von Neonicotinoiden, auf die Gesundheit von Bestäubern aus Veröffentlichungen, die in Fachzeitschriften veröffentlicht wurden.

Aktuelle Erkenntnisse
Wir haben Peer-Review-Papiere identifiziert, die relevant sind, um die Auswirkungen subletaler Pestizidexpositionen auf die Gesundheit von Honigbienen (Apis mellifera), Hummeln (Bombus terrestris) und anderen Bienen aus einer Literaturrecherche bei PubMed und Google Scholar zu untersuchen nach kombinierten Stichwörtern von „Bestäubern“, „Honigbiene“, „Bienen“, „Pestiziden“ oder „Neonicotinoiden“ und anhand einer Querverweisprüfung eines Berichts, den das Europäische Parlament zur Vorbereitung auf die Erfüllung seines Regulierungsmandats für die EU vorgelegt hat Frage des Schutzes der Bestäuber unter ihren Mitgliedsstaaten.

Zusammenfassung
Das Beweisgewicht dieser Überprüfung zeigte deutlich die Anfälligkeit der Bienen für Insektizide, insbesondere für Neonicotinoide, und die synergistischen Wirkungen auf Krankheiten, die häufig in Bienenvölkern auftreten. Ein wichtiger Aspekt bei der Bewertung und Steuerung der Risiken, die Neonicotinoide für Bienen darstellen, sind die chronischen Auswirkungen, die durch Expositionen auf subletaler Ebene hervorgerufen werden. Mehr als 90% der nach 2009 veröffentlichten Literatur zeigten direkt oder indirekt die gesundheitsschädlichen Auswirkungen einer subletalen Exposition gegenüber Neonicotinoiden, einschließlich abnormaler Nahrungssuche, beeinträchtigter Brutentwicklung, neurologischer oder kognitiver Effekte und Koloniekollapsstörung.

Lu, C., Hung, Y. & Cheng, Q. A Review of Sub-lethal Neonicotinoid Insecticides Exposure and Effects on Pollinators. Curr Pollution Rep (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s40726-020-00142-8
https://link.springer.com/article/10.10 ... 20-00142-8

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